The Identity Registration System, Identification Number and National ID Card During the Vichy Regime (France, 1940-1944)
On the 27th of October, 1940, a bill introducing an ID card for French citizens - « carte d’identité de Français » (hereinafter FrID) was officially enacted in France. With this piece of legislation, the Vichy cabinet wanted to force all French citizens aged sixteen and above to carry this unheard-of document (see Exhibit 1). A dozen metropolitan départements started issuing it in 1943.
Exhibit 1: Final design of the FrID, circulated from 1943
France, Paris, Préfecture de...